All competitors must weigh in before the cut-off time on the event schedule.
BJJ Rules as per the International Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu Federation (IBJJF)
Scoring under IBJJF Regulation
4 Points – Mount (Front or Back)
3 Points – Guard Pass
2 Points – Takedown, Sweep, Knee on Belly
- Positions must be progressive in order to earn points (need to advance position (to higher point position), not regress or change position).
- No points will be marked for the athlete who is attaining a position while in a submission. Points will only be awarded after the submission is completely defended.
Ways to Win
There are no draws. Bouts are decided (in order) by:
- Submission – tap, verbal, inability to continue (injury, uncontrollable bleeding, unconsciousness) (Note that verbal screams of pain indicates a tap)
- Most Points
- Most Advantages
- Referee Decision
Major Fouls: Major fouls are those that lead to immediate disqualification by the referee.
- The use of foul language, cursing, or other immoral acts of disrespect towards the referee or any of the attending public.
- Biting, hair pulling, putting fingers into the eyes or nose of one’s opponent, intentionally seeking to injure genitalia or the use of fists, feet, knees, elbows, or heads with the intention to hurt or gain unfair advantage.
- When the fighter has his kimono ripped during the fight, the referee will give him a set time to change it. If the fighter does not change it in time he will be disqualified.
- The fighter must wear shorts under the pants, keeping in mind the risk that the suit might get torn or ripped, If this occurs, the athlete will be given a set time determined by the referee to find another pair of pants to wear. If the athlete cannot change within the set time, he will be immediately disqualified.
- When an athlete has been submitted to a lock and to avoid tapping out he runs out of the ring, he will be immediately disqualified. In such cases when it is considered a technical foul, not a disciplinary foul, the offender may return to the competition to fight the absolute division or in case of a bracket of three.
- When the athlete breaks any restriction rule.
On the first offense, the offender will be given a verbal warning.
On the second offense, the offender’s opponent will be given an advantage.
On the third offense, the offender’s opponent will be given two points.
After the third offense, the referee may disqualify the athlete for any further fouls.
- The athlete will only be allowed to kneel after having taken hold of his opponent’s kimono.
- When either of the athletes run to one of the extremities of the ring to avoid combat, or while ground fighting flee by crawling or rolling out of the ring or by standing up avoiding engaging or purposely stepping out of the ring to gain time.
- When the athlete avoids engaging by taking off his kimono or by allowing it to be taken off with the intention of stopping the fight to allow himself rest or to avoid the attacks of his opponent.
- When the athlete inserts his fingers inside the sleeves or pants of the opponents uniform, or with both hands on the opponent’s belt.
- When the athlete stalls the fight, holding his opponent and, not seeking to engage or gain submissions when in the guard, on top, or on the bottom.
- Holding the opponent, standing up, or any position designed to stall. Noticing this, the referee will request that 20 seconds be marked and say “LUTE”, making the gesture. At the end of the 20 seconds if the athlete hasn’t changed his position or shown visible signs of engagement, the referee say again “LUTE” and make the same gesture, penalizing the athlete and giving an advantage for the other, if he continues stalling the referee will stop the fight saying “PAROU”, and he will penalize the athlete, giving 2 points for the other, and both athletes will return to their feet at neutral positions. With the possibility of disqualification on the next offence.
NOTE: A penalty with immediate loss of 2 points occurs when an athlete runs from the ring in order to avoid a sweep that the referee considers would be completed, or when the athlete flees the ring in order to avoid a lock that has not yet been completed and not engaging in the article “E” for disqualification.
It is considered an advantage when the athlete attempts and nearly completes, but does not complete, any of the fundamental moves of the match; i.e. sweep, take down, submission etc. Examples:
- When there is a visible loss of balance in which the athlete nearly completes the takedown or throw.
- While in guard, the athlete on top will earn the advantage by making progress to pass the guard. For the referee to consider it an advantage, the athlete must come close to passing the guard, forcing his adversary to exert energy to regain or defend his position.
- While holding his opponent in his guard, the athlete will earn the advantage if he almost sweeps his opponent.For the referee to consider it an advantage, the athlete must open his legs and force his opponent to defend being swept.
- When an athlete puts his opponent in a choke or lock that forces his opponent to defend being submitted.
In the case of an athlete being accidentally injured in a final match, and is unable to continue, the result will be determined by the points and advantages on the scoreboard. If points and advantages are tied, the result will be a draw.
In all categories the referee has the authority to stop a match when either of the competitors is in danger of serious bodily harm as a result of a submission and award the victory to competitor applying the submission.
Cervical locks, neck cranks, and heel hooks are not allowed in any category.
Any type of shoes, head gear, groin protection, shirts under the gi (except for girls), and any kind of protectors that can alter the outcome of the match in any way are not allowed in competition.
In children’s divisions between 4-15 years, when a competitor is executing a triangle and the opponent stands up it is the referees obligation to stand in a position to protect both athletes, specifically to reduce the risk of cervical damage.
Brown and Black Belts
- Slam from Guard
- Spinal lock without choke
- Heel hook
- Locks twisting the knees.
- Knee Reaping
- Scissor Takedown
- In straight foot lock, turning in the direction of foot not under attack.
- In toe hold, applying outward pressure on the foot
- Bending fingers backwards
- Grab the opponents belt and throws him to the floor on his head when defending a single leg situation while his opponents head is on the outside of his body.
- Suplex takedown technique, landing with the opponent’s head or neck on the ground.
Blue and Purple Belts add
- Bicep slicer
- Calf slicer
- Knee bar
- Toe hold
White Belts and Juveniles (16-17 years old) add
- Lock inside the closed guard with legs compressing kidneys or ribs
- Wrist lock
- Single leg takedown while the attacking athlete has his head outside his opponents body.
Teens 13-15 years old add
- Choke with spinal lock
- Straight foot lock
- Forearm choke using the sleeve (Ezequiel choke)
- Frontal guillotine choke
- Triangle (pulling head)
- Arm triangle
Children 4-12 add
- Submission techniques stretching legs apart
Kimono must be washed and dried with no unpleasant odors.
Toe and fingernails must be cut short and clean.
People with long hair must keep their hair from interfering with their opponent or themselves during the match.
Athletes are not permitted to paint their hair with spray and may be disqualified by the referee by doing so.
Gi / Kimono
Athletes are required to us black, white or blue kimonos (no mixing of colors) that meet the specifications of the IBJJF rules.
If an athlete does not meet the hygiene and/or kimono requirements, they will be disqualified.
Age Categories – All Categories determined by year born (How old athlete will be on birthday this year)
Mighty-Mite: 4-6 years
Pee-Wee: 7-9 years
Junior: 10-12 years
Teen: 13-15 years
Juvenile: 16-17 years
Adult: 18-29 years
Master I: 30-40 years
Master II: 40-50 years
Master III: 51+ years
Fight Duration Times
Mighty-Mite: 2 Minutes
Pee-Wee: 3 Minutes
Junior: 4 Minutes
Teen: 4 Minutes
Juvenile: 5 Minutes
Adult White Belt: 5 Minutes
Adult Blue Belt: 6 Minutes
Adult Purple Belt: 7 Minutes
Adult Brown Belt: 8 Minutes
Adult Black Belt: 10 Minutes
Master I White/Blue Belt: 5 Minutes
Master I Purple-Black Belt: 6 Minutes
Master II-III All Belts: 5 Minutes
All those that will be in attendance in an official capacity, such as: timekeepers, scorekeepers, referee, or other tournament personnel (announcing, awards, matchmaking, security, etc) are not permitted to give instructions from inside the dedicated area of competition. Doing so will warrant disqualification of the competitor.
The gi checker verifies before the competitors’ nails are trimmed, the uniform is correctly fitted by the official IBJJF measuring tool and assures the uniform is correct in color and material.
The mat referee is the highest authority on the mat and has the authority to disqualify competitors during the match. No one can overturn his decision. The referee is assisted by the time keeper and score keeper in the matches. In cases where a referee shows incapable to continue refereeing because of obvious mistakes, the tournament director has the authority to replace him.
No grabbing of any clothing, including your own, will be permitted.
Wristlocks and any submissions below the waist (except straight ankle locks) are illegal in all Teens divisions.
Chokes, Armbars, shoulder locks (kimuras/ omoplatas), straight ankle locks are legal. All lower body submissions besides straight ankle locks are not allowed. Wrist locks, bicep slicers and neck crank are not allowed.
All submissions are legal except: heel hook, figure four toe hold, neck cranks.
Takedown or Throw = 2 points
Sweep = 2 points
Pass opponent’s guard = 3 points
Mounted position = 4 points
Back Mount with Hooks in = 4 points
Back Mount knees on ground, opponent flat on stomach = 4 points (Additional 4 points are scored by putting the hooks in from this position)
Body triangle from the back = 4 points
Knee on stomach = 2 points
- To gain points for a position, the competitor must show clear control for 3 seconds (including takedowns and throws).
- Advantages are used as a tiebreaker. The referee will score advantages in the event of a near submission or score (near takedown, near guard pass, etc).
- No Stalling: Referee will issue warnings for the 1st offense of stalling (i.e. backing out of the guard without engaging, hugging the opponent’s hips inside the guard, backing away from the opponent out of bounds, etc). A 2nd offense will result in an advantage for the staller’s opponent. A 3rd offense will result in a 2 point deduction. A 4th offense will result in a disqualification. Stalling warning will not be given if the a person is holding a dominant position ie: mount, in this case it is the person in the bad positions obligation to try to escape.
- If a competitor flees the ring to avoid a takedown and it is obvious that the competitor is going to be taken down, his or her opponent will be awarded two points.
- There are no points for reversals. It is a person’s obligation to escape a bad position (mount, rear mount, or side control). No points are awarded for these escapes.